Plot overview and analysis written by an experienced literary critic. Full study guide for this title currently under development.
The narration takes place at Phlius, a town of Sicyon. The dialog takes the form of a narrative because Socrates is described acting as well as speaking, and the particulars of the event are interesting to distant friends as well as to the narrator himself.
Phaedo is asked if he had been present with Socrates on the day that he drank the poison. He replies that he was present, and he also mentions several of the other persons who were there at the time. These included Simmias, Cebes, Crito, Apollodorus, and several other people. Plato was not present at this meeting, having been kept away because of illness.
The chief topic of conversation had been Socrates' conception of the soul. Inasmuch as all of those present were aware of the fact that Socrates would be put to death that day, they wanted to know what their beloved teacher believed concerning the nature of the soul.
There were many questions that they would like to have answered, including: What assurance or proof do we have that souls actually exist? How is the soul related to the body? What happens to the soul at the time of death?
Does it disintegrate into nothingness, or does it continue to exist in some form? Are souls immortal in the sense that they have neither a beginning nor an end? Are souls influenced by contact with the body? Are there both good and bad souls, and if so, what constitutes the difference between them?
Are souls either punished or rewarded in some future life? These questions, along with others closely related to them, are discussed at some length as Socrates attempts to present his ideas in a manner that is both clear and convincing.
The dialog begins with a request that Phaedo report to the group of visitors about the death of Socrates, telling them what he had to say during his last hours.
Some of those who were present had heard that Socrates had been condemned to drink poison, but they knew very little about it and were anxious to learn more of the details. Phaedo explained the reason why the execution had been delayed for a month, pending the return of the ship from the island of Delos.
He also described something of his own feelings as he witnessed the death of his very dear friend. He did not pity Socrates, for his mien and his language were so noble and fearless in the hour of death that he appeared to be blessed. After having mentioned the names of several of those who were present at the time of Socrates' death, Phaedo states that he will endeavor to repeat the entire conversation as he remembers the way in which it took place.
As the group entered the prison on the morning of Socrates last day, they observed that he had just been released from chains. His wife, Xanthippe, was sitting by him, holding their child in her arms. She was weeping because this was the last time she could converse with her husband.Phaedo, This is a study guide for the book Phaedo written by Plato.
Plato's Phaedo is one of the great dialogues of his middle period, along with the Republic and the Symposium. UC Davis Philosophy 1 G. J. Mattey Plato Aside from the theory of the Forms, Plato is credited with the "traditional analysis of knowledge" as true belief with an account (Theatetus).
In the Phaedo, the doctrine is explained in conjuction with the theory of the Forms. Socrates uses equality as an example. Overall Analysis and Themes.
The prominent place the Symposium holds in our canon comes as much as a result of its literary merit as its philosophical merit. While other works among Plato's middle-period dialogues, such as the Republic and the Phaedo, contain more philosophical meat, more closely examining the Theory of Forms and intensely cross-examining interlocutors, none can match the.
Classical Greek Philosopher, Literary Analysis - Socrates and Plato in Phaedo. My Account. Essay on Socrates and Plato in Phaedo. Essay on Socrates and Plato in Phaedo - Plato's Phaedo Plato's Phaedo is a dialog between Phaedo, Cebes, and Simmias depicting Socrates explanation as to why death should not be feared by a true philosopher.
Phaedo is often said to be the dialogue in which Plato first comes into his own as a philosopher who is moving far Sayre, Kenneth, , Plato's Literary Garden, Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press. Chronology of the Dialogues Ledger, Gerald R., , Re-Counting Plato: A Computer Analysis of Plato's Style, Oxford: Oxford.
Plato's Phaedo makes a lot of interesting arguments that are well worth the time taken to contemplate them. Some of the principle arguments will be dealt with here by providing a brief account of their structure, and examining their validity and truth value, as seen by Plato and scholars of Plato.