Chryseis had been captured in a Greek siege and given to Agamemnon as a war prize.
The gates were guarded by the Hound of Haides kynos Aidou 8. In the Iliad the realm of Haides lies directly beneath the earth.
When Poseidon shakes the earth, Haides leaps up from his throne in fear that the earth will split open and lay his mouldering realm laid bare Althaia Althaea also invokes the underworld gods by lying flat upon the earth, beating the ground with her hands 9. The realm of Tartaros, prison of the Titan gods, is quite distinct from the land of Haides in Homer who describes it as a great pit lying as far beneath Haides as the earth lies beneath heaven 8.
Lattimore Greek epic C8th B. All was divided among us three ways, each given his domain.
I when the lots were shaken drew the grey sea to live in forever; Haides drew the lot of the mists and the darkness, and Zeus was allotted the wide sky.
And all the feet of Ida with her many waters were shaken and all her crests, and the city of Troy, the ships of the Akhaians Achaeans. The ghost came and stood over his head and spoke a word to him: Bury me as quickly as may be, let me pass through the gates of Aides pylai Aidao.
And I call upon you in sorrow, give me your hand; no longer shall I come back from death, once you give me my rite of burning. For all night long the phantom of unhappy Patroklos stood over me in lamentation and mourning, and the likeness to him was wonderful, and it told me each thing I should do.
I hail you even in the house of the death god Aidao domoisi. The description mentions the netherworld lake Akheron Acheronthe rivers Pyriphlegethon, Kokytos Cocytus and Styx, as well as Minos the judge of the dead and the condemnation of the wicked to eternal torment.
In Book 24 Homer describes Hermes guiding the souls of the dead to Haides. Here they flit like bats through the dark places beneath the earth, cross the river Okeanos Oceanus --passing by the gates of the sun, the White Isle, and the land of dreams--to reach the asphodel fields, the final resting place of the dead.
Murray Greek epic C8th B. You must first complete another journey, and come to the house of Aides domos Aidao and dread Persephoneia, to seek soothsaying of the spirit of Theban Teiresias Tiresiasthe blind seer, whose mind abides steadfast.
To him even in death Persephoneia Persephone has granted reason, that he alone should have understanding; but the others flit about as shadows. But when I had my fill of weeping and writhing, then I made answer, and addressed her, saying: Let there be in thy mind no concern for a pilot to guide thy ship, but set up thy mast, and spread the white sail, and sit thee down; and the breath of the North Wind will bear her onward.
But when in thy ship thou hast now crossed the stream of Okeanos Oceanuswhere is a level shore and the groves of Persephoneia--tall poplars, and willows that shed their fruit--there do thou beach thy ship by the deep eddying Okeanos, but go thyself to the dank house of Aides Hades.
There into Akheron Acheron flow Pyriphlegethon and Kokytos Cocytuswhich is a branch of the water of the Styx; and there is a rock, and the meeting place of the two roaring rivers. And do thou earnestly entreat the powerless heads of the dead, vowing that when thou comest to Ithaka thou wilt sacrifice in thy halls a barren heifer, the best thou hast, and wilt fill the altar with rich gifts; and that to Teiresias alone thou wilt sacrifice separately a ram, wholly black, the goodliest of thy flock.
But when with prayers thou hast made supplication to the glorious tribes of the dead, then sacrifice a ram and a black ewe, turning their heads toward Erebos Erebus but thyself turning backward, and setting thy face towards the streams of the river.
Then many ghosts of men that are dead will come forth. But do thou thereafter call to thy comrades, and bid them flay and burn the sheep that lie there, slain by the pitiless bronze, and make prayer to the gods, to mighty Aides and to dread Persephoneia.
And do thou thyself draw thy sharp sword from beside thy thigh, and sit there, not suffering the powerless heads of the dead to draw near to the blood, till thou hast enquired of Teiresias. Then the seer will presently come to thee, leader of men, and he will tell thee thy way and the measures of thy path, and of thy return, how thou mayest go over the teeming deep.
But no good came of their lamenting. But when we were on our way to the swift ship and the shore of the sea, sorrowing and shedding big tears, meanwhile Kirke had gone forth and made fast beside the black ship a ram and a black ewe. And for our aid in the wake of our dark-prowed ship a fair wind that filled the sail, a goodly comrade, was sent by fair-tressed Kirke Circedread goddess of human speech.
So when we had made fast all the tackling throughout the ship, we sat down, and the wind and the helms man made straight her course. All the day long her sail was stretched as she sped over the sea; and the sun set and all the ways grew dark.
She came to deep-flowing Okeanos Oceanusthat bounds the Earth, where is the land and city of the Kimmeroi Cimmerianswrapped in mist and cloud. Never does the bright sun look down on them with his rays either when he mounts the starry heaven or when he turns again to earth from heaven, but baneful night is spread over wretched mortals.
Thither we came and beached our ship, and took out the sheep, and ourselves went beside the stream of Okeanos until we came to the place of which Kirke had told us. And I earnestly entreated the powerless heads of the dead, vowing that when I came to Ithaka I would sacrifice in my halls a barren heifer, the best I had, and pile the altar with goodly gifts, and to Teiresias Tiresias alone would sacrifice separately a ram, wholly black, the goodliest of my flocks.A basic level guide to some of the best known and loved works of prose, poetry and drama from ancient Greece - The Iliad by Homer.
A short summary of Homer's The Iliad. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of The Iliad. The Iliad of Homer - Kindle edition by Homer, Richard Martin, Richmond Lattimore.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Iliad of Homer.
Sep 20, · Did you know? Some traditions portray Homer as a blind poet, because the name Homer sounds like a word for "blind" in some Greek dialects. In . "The Iliad is an epic poem in dactylic hexameters, traditionally attributed to Homer. Set in the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of Ilium, by a coalition of Greek States, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles.
CLASSICAL LITERATURE QUOTES REALM OF HADES IN THE ILIAD Heracles, Cerberus and Hecate in the Underworld, Apulian red-figure volute krater C4th B.C., Staatliche Antikensammlungen In Homer's Iliad the dead descend into a murky, subterranean realm ruled by the gods Haides and Persephone.
It is called dôma Aidao "the house (domain) of Haides" or domoi Aidao "the dwelling-places of Haides.".