PowerPoint and Keynote presentations hold tons of knowledge.
Unpublished Sources Huge quantities of information are now available electronically via the Internet. Most college students now have access to the World Wide Web, either on computers at school or at home by dialing up a server with a modem.
Electronic texts or "e-texts" are popping up more and more in research papers.
There are a number of reasons for this. On one hand, the internet gives users access to the information on hundreds of thousands of servers throughout the world-the breadth and depth of available knowledge is incredible. On the other hand, the documents on the internet are "surfable" from a single location, bringing a global library to your computer.
The very fact that you are reading this proves how important the internet has become in education. However, several problems have arisen from this surge in the availability and popularity of electronically-accessed information. First, many students have no idea how to cite electronic texts.
Only the most current style manuals give any hint as to how to write a reference entry for, say, a Web page; even then, the citation formats are sometimes confusing and outdated.
Interestingly enough, it is Web sites like this one that can help solve this problem. Second, compared to print-based resources, e-texts are relatively unstable.
While a book consists of information encoded in ink on a printed page, an e-text exists as magnetic pulses over a telephone line. Discounting mishaps such as fire, flood, and theft, books are fairly permanent.
As anyone who uses computers can tell you, though, servers go down and phone connections get cut. Electronic documents can literally be here today and gone tomorrow.
If the source itself no longer exists, this causes problems for validity and verification. One possible solution to this problem is to keep careful records. Saving e-texts either as screenshots or text files will allow you to produce the source for a reader, even if the document has disappeared from the server on which you found it.
Author s of document if an author is given it is usually at the very beginning or very end of a particular document; when in doubt, look for an email address-this will often lead you to the name of the person who authored the document.Home Writing Using Sources Citing Internet Sources.
Citing Internet Sources APA: Aristotle. ().
If you do use material from an email, the format for listing in MLA style is fairly simple, as in the example above: Author, Subject, “Email to the author,” and Date. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition (first printing), / APA style guide to electronic references, 6th edition, .
The Basics of APA Style: Tutorial.
Free | This free tutorial is designed for those who have no previous knowledge of APA urbanagricultureinitiative.com shows users how to structure and format their work, recommends ways to reduce bias in language, identifies how to avoid charges of plagiarism, shows how to cite references in text, and provides selected reference examples.
The Publication Manual reference examples in Chapter 7 are sorted by the type of content (e.g., journal article, e-book, newspaper story, blog post), not by the location of that content in a library or on the Internet.
Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
For more information, please consult the Publication . APA citation style or format is the most used international standard for citation of sources in academic papers. This page summarizes APA citation rules for citing electronic reference sources on the.