Do you tend to see the proverbial glass as half-empty or half-full?
Seligman addresses to his readers that optimistic thinking can lead to a more productive, healthier, and happier life. As well underlines how optimist Learned Optimism Learned Optimism by Martin Seligman explains a new science of Constructive Psychology that he refers to as flexible optimism.
As well underlines how optimistic thinking can destroy depression out of your life. Seligman emphasizes that pessimistic thoughts, believes, opinions, and feelings are the essential elements that cause depression. He explains that there are three fundamental forces that cause depression and make it an epidemic that sweeps America.
First is biological disorder second is individual failure and the third and the biggest reason why depression affects so many lives is because of their self-esteem movement affecting numerous people everyday.
When Seligman graduated from Princeton University with bachelor's degree he was keen young man who wanted a deeper understanding of psychology and learned helplessness.
Seligman had conducted an experiment on his own where he did an experiments with several dogs where some undergone escapable shock in containers, some suffered inescapable shock, while others suffered no shocks at all. He realized that the dogs who suffered inescapable shock they cannot control Explanatory style and depression essay stop these dogs will learn helplessness.
However a dog that had escapable shock that had full control of their shocks and had the knowledge to stop these shocks where essentially immunized from helplessness. When dogs that agonized through inescapable shock and have learned helplessness was given an escapable shock where all they had to do to stop the shock was jump over a barrier the dogs layer motionless taking the shock.
They did this because they believed that nothing they did mattered and nothing they did would stop the shock.
The dogs that were immunized against helplessness when shocked were energetic and eager to stop the shock and had no problem to cross the barrier and to stop the shock. With the assistance of Psychiatrist John Teasdale, Seligman elucidates whether or not someone is susceptible towards helplessness based on their explanatory style.
Explanatory style has three components and is one of the fundamental reasons why depression affects so many people. Explanatory style is the way a certain person explains a positive or negative event or experience to him or herself.
Permanence, pervasiveness, and personalization are the components of explanatory style. Permanence questions whether you consider negative events permanent or temporary and would you characterize positive events as permanent or temporary. Seligman addresses that in permanence everyone that experience a failure will have at the very least a moment of helplessness.
Permanence sees how fast you recover from these failures. Different people recover at different rates. Some recover promptly however some require a lengthy time to recover and in some extreme cases they may never recover. In order to stop depressive thoughts be a part of your life you have to believe that bad events are temporary and that good events are permanent.
Pessimistic way of thinking will translate good events as temporary eventually making a person give up after they succeed and it will translate bad events as permanent causing someone never to recover from failure and fall into depression.
Pervasiveness questions whether you consider negative and positive events as universal or specific. Pessimists tend to make universal explanations for events usually being negative. Doing this makes them relinquish on everything when a failure only strikes in one extent while optimists make specific explanations have a possibility of facing helplessness in that one area, in any other area they will feel no helplessness whatsoever in any other area present.
The last element of explanatory style is personalization. Pessimistic way of thinking externalizes good events and internalizes bad events on themselves causing very low self-esteem and depression. In order to truly have learned optimism must encounter situations with Adversity, Belief, Consequences, Disputation, and Energized.
Doing this will translate good events as permanent causing them to try even harder for even more success and it will translate bad events as temporary to help them quickly recover from failure and avoid depression.
It will give specific explanations for positive and negative situations and it will internalize good events on themselves and externalizes bad events giving high self-esteem and eliminating depression from their lives.
Depression studies have found that woman are about twice as likely to suffer depression than men are and depression studies have also found that depression strikes at an earlier age. People born towards the end of the end of the century are at much more vulnerable to depression than people who were born in the beginning of the twentieth century.How To Write An Explanatory Essay How To Write An Explanatory Essay.
Aug 11, How does depression affect the development of young children and teenagers? the general style of each body paragraph is identical.
First of all, present a topic sentence that precisely explains what information you will be introducing. At the same time. Research also shows that normal and unipolar depression are greatly helped when people are trained to shift from a negative to a positive explanatory style.
What’s Your Explanatory Style? Pessimistic and Optimistic people explain negative experiences to themselves in markedly different ways. Knowing how to write an expository essay is a valuable skill, and you’ll write lots of them in college. It’s easy, but if you need some essay writing help - you can always rely on our service.
An expository essay usually builds on the simple 5-paragraph-essay structure. An explanatory essay is a type of writing in which the author presents some point of view on a certain topic, event or situation. This view does not necessarily have to be one that the writer agrees with, but it must have some research and logic to make it feasible.
Researchers working in the helplessness tradition should measure not only explanatory style and helplessness outcomes like depression but also expectations.
Indeed, given the strong relationship between expectations and depressive symptoms, it seems particularly important for helplessness researchers to include this construct.
explanatory style and depression severity and provisional support was found for the proposed model of the current project, implicating the role of activity among interactions between explanatory style and depression.