The feminization of poverty is a relative concept based on women-men comparison, where what matters are the differences or ratios, depending on the way it is measured between women and men at each moment. For instance, if poverty in a society is distinctly reduced among men and is only slightly reduced among women, there would be a feminization of poverty. One definition talks of an increase in the difference in the levels of poverty among women and among men while another focuses on the increase in the difference in the levels of poverty among female-headed households and among male and couple-headed households.
Essay on Feminization Poverty! This term is used by social scientists to refer to the increasing proportion of the female poor in a country. Women are increasingly dominating the ranks of impoverished. Worldwide, women on an average are only slightly over 50 per cent of male earnings.
Women experience unequal treatment almost in all fields.
They are often denied inheritance rights. Though women are not segregated from men, they are the victims of prejudice and discrimination in the labour force, in family matters, in the legal system inheritance lawsand in other areas. Their labour Feminisation of poverty thesis unrewarded and unrecognized domestic labour is unpaid and their paid work is poorly rewarded.
They are the first to be dismissed from paid work in any economic crisis. They are the first to die of hunger or poverty. In India, they are the last to eat as per custom and that too if something remains after eating by the males of the family.
Their health care and nutritional needs are not given priority. They lack sufficient access to education in India, they had been denied education till some decades ago and support services. Their participation in decision-making at home and in the community is minimal.
They have the lowest degree of personal autonomy. They are not allowed to have any rights regarding property.
They are obliged to be isolated or veiled for religious reasons or to expose their bodies for commercial profit. The life chances of women belonging especially to low income groups are very pitiable. They have to earn their livelihood, tender their children along with doing all domestic work.
In many such families the menfolk do not work at all and depend on the earnings of female members. Moreover, the menfolk often beat and harass their wives for satisfying their sexual and material needs.
The burden of supporting a family is very difficult for women who have not adequate source of income. Children whose mothers live in poverty run an increased risk of birth defects and malnutrition.
They are deprived of education and even if they somehow get admitted in schools, they fare poorly in elementary government schools and drop out of secondary schools or even earlier than children from other types of families.
Low income women suffer higher level of stress than other women and are much likely to receive adequate medical care. Like western countries, households headed by divorced or never-married women are not much common in India but by widowed women in low income groups are much in numbers.
The other half tends to be economically dependent either on the relatives members of the joint family or her own parents or other nearest kith and kinleaving nearby, or on the welfare system of the state schemes like BPL, old age pension, etc. It must be emphasized that poor women share many social characteristics with poor men—low educational attainment, lack of skilled or unskilled jobs, and residence in economically deteriorating areas, named as slums.
They experience more sexual harassment, victimization and abuse at the workplace. Such women are at a clear disadvantage in the labour market too in terms of both horizontal and vertical social mobility.The Feminization Of Poverty.
by the term ‘Feminisation of Poverty thesis’! Illustrate this by including examples of social policy which have a negative impact on women. The Origins of the Feminization of Poverty The United Nations Development Fund for Women reports that women are still the poorest of the world's poor, representing 70% of the billion people who live in absolute poverty.
They also estimate that nearly million women in the world have incomes of less than $1 a day. Fam Test 1 () Family Life Ch STUDY.
PLAY. Margret Mead argues that jealousy records the degree of the lovers. insecurity. Some believe that women are the stronger sex because. The feminization of poverty thesis argues that the ranks of the poor are being filled by.
single divorced mothers. Feminization of poverty is understood as pertaining ‘to the extent to which single women predominate among various groups of the poor’ and to ‘the more general sense of the potential poverty of many partnered women’.
In other words, it means the condition of ‘feminized poverty’, rather than a trend. parameters of the ‘feminisation of poverty’ thesis and the more inclusive and holistic conceptualisations of gendered poverty, another conundrum is that in the light of shrinking disparities between a number of women’s and men’s capabilities and.
Foremost among my conclusions is that since the main indications of feminisation relate to women's mounting responsibilities and obligations in household survival we need to re-orient the ‘feminisation of poverty’ thesis so that it better reflects inputs as well as incomes, and emphasises not only women's level or share of poverty but the burden of dealing with it.