Visit Website Many cities, including some of the leading industrial and cultural centers of Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Belgium, had been destroyed. Reports provided to Marshall suggested that some regions of the continent were on the brink of famine because agricultural and other food production had been disrupted by the fighting. In fact, it could easily be argued that the only world power not structurally affected by the conflict had been the United States.
He graduated from the Virginia Military Institute to launch a career as both a soldier and a statesman. Appointed Army Chief of Staff from tohe became Secretary of State in until and was nominated Secretary of Defence in Below is text from the speech he gave at Harvard University on 5 June The mandate of the OEEC was to continue work on a joint recovery programme and in particular to supervise the distribution of aid.
General Marshall was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in for his role as architect and advocate of the Marshall Plan. In these historic and lovely surroundings, this perfect day, and this very wonderful assembly, it is a tremendously impressive thing to an individual in my position.
But to speak more seriously, I need not tell you, gentlemen, that the world situation is very serious.
That must be apparent to all intelligent people. I think one difficulty is that the problem is one of such enormous complexity that the very mass of facts presented to the public by press and radio make it exceedingly difficult for the man in the street to reach a clear appraisement of the situation.
Furthermore, the people of this country are distant from the troubled areas of the earth and it is hard for them to comprehend the plight and consequent reactions of the long-suffering peoples, and the effect of those reactions on their governments in connection with our efforts to promote peace in the world.
In considering the requirements for the rehabilitation of Europe, the physical loss of life, the visible destruction of cities, factories, mines and railroads was correctly estimated but it has become obvious during recent months that this visible destruction was probably less serious than the dislocation of the entire fabric of European economy.
For the past 10 years conditions have been highly abnormal. The feverish preparation for war and the more feverish maintenance of the war effort engulfed all aspects of national economies. Machinery has fallen into disrepair or is entirely obsolete.
Under the arbitrary and destructive Nazi rule, virtually every possible enterprise was geared into the German war machine. Long-standing commercial ties, private institutions, banks, insurance companies, and shipping companies disappeared, through loss of capital, absorption through nationalization, or by simple destruction.
In many countries, confidence in the local currency has been severely shaken. The breakdown of the business structure of Europe during the war was complete. Recovery has been seriously retarded by the fact that two years after the close of hostilities a peace settlement with Germany and Austria has not been agreed upon.
But even given a more prompt solution of these difficult problems the rehabilitation of the economic structure of Europe quite evidently will require a much longer time and greater effort than had been foreseen. There is a phase of this matter which is both interesting and serious.
The farmer has always produced the foodstuffs to exchange with the city dweller for the other necessities of life. This division of labor is the basis of modern civilization.
At the present time it is threatened with breakdown.George Marshall was the youngest of three siblings. His older brother Stuart Bradford Marshall (–) was a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute, and became a manager and executive in several metal production corporations, including the American Manganese Manufacturing Company.
George C. Marshall. George Catlett Marshall was born in Pennsylvania on 31 December He graduated from the Virginia Military Institute to launch a career as both a soldier and a statesman.
Aug 21, · Watch video · The Marshall Plan, also known as the European Recovery Program, was a U.S. program providing aid to Western Europe following the devastation of World War II.
It was enacted in and provided. The Marshall Plan was a U.S. program providing aid to Western Europe following the devastation of World War II. It was enacted in and provided more than $15 billion to help finance rebuilding efforts on the continent. Get the facts on the Marshall Plan at urbanagricultureinitiative.com George Marshall and the Marshall Plan After World War II, George Marshall thought his service to his country was over.
He was wrong. The day after his retirement in , President Harry S. Truman asked Marshall to go to China for a diplomatic mission, and in January , the Truman appointed Marshall as secretary of state.
In just a few months the State Department, under his leadership, with expertise provided by George Kennan, William Clayton and others crafted the Marshall Plan concept, which George Marshall shared with the world in a speech on June 5, , at Harvard University.