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InAndrew C.

National task force on prostitution suggest over a million americans have worked as prostitutes

March, Fact Sheet: Should pending massage licensing legislation be enacted this year in Idaho, Montana, and Pennsylvania, reflexology will be excluded in the resulting laws. Massage licensing requirements continue for reflexologists in the states of Oregon, Delaware, Hawaii, Alabama, Nebraska, New York, and Florida as well as under anti-prostitution ordinances in the cities of Los Angeles, Denver, and Colorado Springs.

The modern-day practice of reflexology is a direct descendant of medical research into the reflex at the end of the nineteenth century in Europe. A variety of therapeutic methods was created to influence the body through the reflexes.

One resulting therapy was the work of Dr. William Fitzgerald of Connecticut who created zone therapy, application of pressure to all parts of the body, following a visit to England. His work was gradually developed by Dr.

Riley and Eunice Ingham into the foot work known today in America as reflexology. An established standard of practice has been accepted by the reflexology profession as represented by the professionals organizations, Reflexology Association of America and the American Reflexology Certification Board.

While the national standard of the reflexology profession is hours of education, no reflexology education is required of massage licensees.

Over-regulation becomes no regulation as massage licensees with little or no reflexology training provide reflexology services. As a result, consumers are mislead as to the competency of state-approved reflexologists. In addition, reflexologists are required to obtain education that is not relevant to their profession.

As noted in case law: California's cosmetology schools teach hair-straightening and chemical use but absolutely nothing about braiding. The federal court held in Cornwell v. California Board of Barbering and Cosmetology that the licensing law was arbitrary and unconstitutional.

Of the many alternative health practices where pressure is applied, not all are required to obtain massage licensing. Existing laws are not enforced for other professionals. Licensed massage therapists offer services tantamount to the practice of medicine with impunity.

For example, providing reflexology services and selling herbs in a single session to a client, raises the issue of diagnosing a problem with reflexology and then prescribing an herbal remedy.

National task force on prostitution suggest over a million americans have worked as prostitutes

No massage law, ordinance or rules includes a definition or scope of practice for reflexology. Consumers cannot be assured of what services are to be received or if reflexology services provided are within professional boundaries.

Under such laws, individuals are not allowed to provide or receive health services or their belief choice. In order for such abridgement to take place, it must be shown that there is an over-riding public safety issue.

A reflexologist in Tennessee and another in Florida were issued cease and desist orders, requiring that they cease business because they did not possess their state's massage licensing.

Reflexologists have expressed concern about the appropriateness of regulation by massage licensing because: What a difference four years have made. Reflexologists rallied and have contested licensing, winning in state after state.

With the most recent success, Chicago, reflexologists have changed legal requirements for providing services to Reflexologists in three states and one city are no longer required to obtain massage licensing.

Officials in Texas population, 21 million removed reflexology from massage licensing following participation by reflexologists at public hearings. An exemption in law was signed into law in Washington population, 6 million in March The state of Tennessee population 5 million now has a legislatively mandated registration system for reflexologists.

Chicago residents 3 million will have August access to reflexology services from non-massage licensed individuals thanks to the enactment of a new Illinois state massage law that exempts reflexologists.

Reflexologists in North Carolina.

The Perspective

Reflexologists in Maryland obtained an exemption in law from massage licensing. Reflexologists in Pennsylvania, Idaho, Montana and Arizona will be granted exemptions should legislation be enacted to license massage in those states. In addition, reflexologists in New Mexico obtained an exemption in law following a change in the state's massage licensing.

Arizona massge licensing signed into law with massage defined as services not primarily applied to the head, hands and feet thus excluding reflexologists.

Montana massage licensing sttempt failed.Search and browse our historical collection to find news, notices of births, marriages and deaths, sports, comics, and much more.

Mar 15,  · By Amanda Kloer, Special to CNN. Editor's Note: Amanda Kloer is an editor with urbanagricultureinitiative.com, where she organizes and promotes campaigns to end human urbanagricultureinitiative.com has created numerous reports, documentaries and training materials on human trafficking in the United States and around the world.

The National Task Force on Prostitution suggests that over one million people in the US have worked as prostitutes. Estimates in some larger cities found that % of prostitutes are male.

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