Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Logic in the modern era has exhibited an extreme diversityand its chaotic development has reflected all too clearly the surrounding political and intellectual turmoil. These upheavals include the Renaissance itself, the diminishing role of the Roman Catholic church and of Latin, the Reformation and subsequent religious wars, the scientific revolution and the growth of modern mathematics, the rise and fall of empires and nation-states, and the waxing influence of the New World and the former Soviet Union.
I haven't heard of nor seen the horn you write about. I would love to see a picture of it, even measurements as well, if they are available. My fax is I doubt if the Larousse book you mention is in our library. I own only the Larousse Int'l Illus. What is "obvious" to us I am frequently reminded must be carefully examined for bias.
Even whether this ancient bone is a flute has been denied. To me, it's obviously a flute. But I've been forced to defend the obvious as if it wasn't obvious.
Perhaps the horn could be denied as a flute as well, unless we can defend the obvious there as well. As far as the open-closed ends issue goes, Match 2 in the essay assumes an open-ended flute. Match 1 in the essay considers that it could have been a closed flute.
The normal length of a femur is quite long. So we felt it was reasonable to assume that it was not part of a short ocarina type instrument.
We'll never know unless they find the rest of the object. Where I deal with issues of "could have been" is where I tried my best to obtain reasonably accurate probabilities for certain statements in this essay. What I have held as conclusive in the essay is that the holes are consistent with those of a diatonic scale scale IF the flute is long enough.
What I held as probable is that the hole spacing reflects not so much an ocarina or 4 or 5 note scale with a half-tone or other pitch if it was a short flutebut a larger scale, likely parallel to the diatonic scale. I can't conclude this, but hold it probable for reasons examined in some of the correspondence note: There I pointed to the widespread cross-cultural fact of pentatonic and 7-note diatonic scales in our own history and the acoustic basis for these scales as justification for the probabilities being higher regarding the Neanderthal bone matching a diatonic rather than matching a more obscure or hitherto unknown scale.
I held match 2 as probable open-end minor scale over match 1 major, closed endbecause removing marrow is easier when the ends are broken off rather than drilling holes when marrow is still in the bone, and sucking it out. And also because the dimensions of the fit are closer to an acoustic scale than the dimensions of match 1.
Besides, how on earth could one measure these effects without the entire bone? Having said that, I and my partner, Mike Finley, nevertheless would be interested in receiving copies of the work and experiments you've done or a summary of it on these matters as we certainly have developed a need to understand this ever since we embarked on this essay.
Someday, I expect a replica will be made of the old bone 43, yrs old, current estimate. At various lengths, it will be blown, and we'll see what the pitches really are. The best I could do was to simply work with the hole spacings translated onto a straight irish flute tin whistle barrel.
It IS "as if there has been some sort of taboo on the subject. That non-literate societies' music will be also be branded "primitive" or judged "inferior" against some evolutionary time-line of progressive change toward "final perfection.
But to little avail. Anyway, the word "origin" implies an evolution and comparisons that they'd rather resist; And they also add: It's all speculative and we weren't there, and can never really know anyway.
The real characterization is this: I have discovered very satisfactory answers to questions that first plagued me as a youngster first studying music. Why was the musical scale so different?Reference: Joseph Smith, His Family and Friends Able D.
Chase signed the above statement in our presence, and he is known to us and the entire community here as a man whose word is always the exact truth and above any possible suspicion.
Introduction Though perhaps best known throughout the world for his science fiction, Isaac Asimov was also regarded as one of the great explainers of science.
Many of the claims people have made about connections between the ancient and modern games are false. It’s hard to find parallels for modern terrorism, but ancient crowds could get rowdy. "It is a virtual certainty that great victories will be claimed in the Cambodian invasion, and that the military will release reports of arms caches and rice destroyed, military bases demolished, and much killing of 'North Vietnamese,' i.e., people who find themselves in the way of an American tank or in an area bombed or strafed.
Islam, Muslims and Islamic civilization are under siege in America. Subsequent to the tragic incidents of September 11, Afghanistan and Iraq wars, ISIS’s barbarism and Paris shooting, Islam both as religion and community has witnessed some of the worst attacks upon its heritage and legacy unprecedented in the previous history.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Qualitative and quantitative research designs are the two main methods used by social scientists today. They are used with a variety of research methods and have been a common thread in case studies.