An exploration of the methodologies and theory behind category management over the course of two days, focusing in particular on how generate and mitigate the loss of value through this process. Upon completion of this course, delegates will be equipped with:
By Fahad Usmani 84 Comments Today we are going to discuss various types of procurement contracts used in project management. Procurement management helps you identify a suitable supplier or contractor to procure goods and services.
These days procurement management has become a necessity for organizations. As a project manager, you must understand the procurement concepts, regardless of whether you are a buyer or a seller.
Procurement is the acquisition of goods, services or works from an external source. It is favorable that the goods, services or works are appropriate and that they are procured at the best possible cost to meet the needs of the purchaser in terms of quality and quantity, time, and location.
There can be many reasons for you to require procurement, such as: You lack the capacity to handle the requirement. It can be procured outside your firm at a significant discount. You may require procurement as part of your project to buy some goods from an outside source to fulfill your requirements: You may also hire a service.
For example, you can hire a consultant to help you find drawbacks in your process and suggest ways to improve them. However, before going for a procurement contract, you must analyze whether it would be cost-effective to do it yourself or if you should outsource it. You have two options to complete the project: Life has become easier for organizations because of procurement.
Organizations can focus on their core business and the rest can be outsourced. Procurement helps companies share the opportunity, hire the expertise, and buy the goods or services. Gone are the days when organizations did every process they needed. These days, they perform the functions in which they are the best, and the rest they outsource.
It is well known that in the early days, Ford Motors used to grow soy to extract oil to use in their paint. Nowadays, no automaker does this. If any automobile company needs paint, they will simply buy it from the open market. Likewise, they may also buy tires or many other parts and then assemble the car.
Doing everything on your own is impractical and involves processes where you cannot attain true expertise without significant costs, which may cause your product to be either substandard or over-priced. This, of course, is bad for an organization.
Because procurement is indispensable for modern businesses, procurement management is also necessary. The Contract A contract is a legally binding agreement between two or more parties.
Usually, one party is known as a buyer and the other the seller. The contract is the key to the buyer and seller relationship.
It provides the framework for how they will deal with each other. Procurement contracts can be broadly divided into three categories: Fixed-Price Contract Cost Reimbursable Contract, and Time and Materials Please note that there is no hard-and-fast rule which governs the type of contract selected for any particular situation.
As a project manager, it will be your job to select a contract type to best satisfy your needs. This type of contract is used when there is no uncertainty in the scope of work.
Due to the nature of the contract, the seller bears the majority of the risk, as he must provide for the completion of the work as stipulated in the contract A Fixed-Price contract can be further divided into three categories: Generally, outsourcing and turnkey procurement contracts are signed under a Fixed-Price contract on a deliverables basis.
This type of contract is very useful if the scope of work is defined accurately. Fixed-Price contracts are good for controlling the cost.
However, changes in scope must be carefully observed. The cost of any change in scope is very steep in a Fixed-Price contract.
I have seen that the contractors get the contract by bidding the lowest price, and then try to generate extra revenue on any opportunity for change requests, such as added scope.
I have also seen contractors fighting with the project manager regarding the scope. Although they agreed initially, later they argue on small issues to raise the change request to earn some extra money. For this reason, you have to be very careful with this type of contract, and to make sure the scope is as detailed as well-defined and detailed as possible.
In this type of contract, the fee is fixed.The announcements below are for contracts for consultancy services where the contract amount is up to DKK 1,, Enterprises wishing to be considered for an assignment should make contact to the person as stated in the announcement.
The Acquisition Program Area includes links to, and highlights from programs which enable agencies to meet these goals include: Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP), Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG), ENERGY STAR®, the Green Procurement Program (GPP), and the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). Contracts. Agreements between two entities, creating an enforceable obligation to do, or to refrain from doing, a particular thing. Nature and Contractual Obligation. The purpose. Factors in Selecting Contract Types. FAR There are many factors that the contracting officer should consider in selecting and negotiating the contract type.
Factors in Selecting Contract Types. FAR There are many factors that the contracting officer should consider in selecting and negotiating the contract type.
Factors in Selecting Contract Types. FAR There are many factors that the contracting officer should consider in selecting and negotiating the contract type. They include the following: Used only with fixed price type contracts.
Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPAs). Back to Top Procurement Forms. When making procurements, SUNY is required by law to provide to and obtain from vendors certain documentation. This list contains many, but not all, of the applicable documents for different dollar values and types of procurement.
The Acquisition Program Area includes links to, and highlights from programs which enable agencies to meet these goals include: Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP), Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG), ENERGY STAR®, the Green Procurement Program (GPP), and the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP).
Which “Type of Contract” is More Risky? Types of Contracts and Risk. A Question. You are working for a Defense Contractor. Your company is bidding for a Government’s secret project called Project “Hush-Hush”.