However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggest the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain. Tenochtitlan is the southern part of the main island under the red line.
|Aztecs - HISTORY||The city was found as a part of Lacustrine System of the Mexican Basin, into an artificially made islet in the Texcoco Lake with hydraulic work and artificial lands called chinampas, gardens in rectangular plots divided by canals. The Dike of Nezahualcoyotl, the most important building, was constructed by the ruler Moctezuma I and designed by Nezahualcoyotl himself.|
|Early Aztec History||Visit Website Did you know? The Aztec language, Nahuatl, was the dominant language in central Mexico by the mids.|
However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggest the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain. Tenochtitlan is the southern part of the main island under the red line. The northern part is Tlatelolco.
Tenochtitlan covered an estimated 8 to The city extended from north to south, from the north border of Tlatelolco to the swampswhich by that time were gradually disappearing to the west; the city ended more or less at the present location of Avenida Bucareli. The city was connected to the mainland by bridges and causeways leading to the north, south, and west.
The causeways were interrupted by bridges that allowed canoes and other water traffic to pass freely.
The bridges could be pulled away, if necessary, to defend the city. The city was interlaced with a series of canalsso that all sections of the city could be visited either on foot or via canoe.
Lake Texcoco was the largest of five interconnected lakes. Since it formed in an endorheic basinLake Texcoco was brackish. During the reign of Moctezuma Ithe " levee of Nezahualcoyotl" was constructed, reputedly designed by Nezahualcoyotl.
The levee kept fresh spring -fed water in the waters around Tenochtitlan and kept the brackish waters beyond the dike, to the east. This was intended mainly for cleaning and washing. For drinking, water from mountain springs was preferred.
Most of the population liked to bathe twice a day; Moctezuma was said to take four baths a day. According to the context of Aztec culture in literature, the soap that they most likely used was the root of a plant called copalxocotl Saponaria americana and to clean their clothes they used the root of metl Agave americana.
This was also popular in other Mesoamerican cultures. City plans[ edit ] When we saw so many cities and villages built in the water and other great towns on dry land we were amazed and said that it was like the enchantments And some of our soldiers even asked whether the things that we saw were not a dream?
I do not know how to describe it, seeing things as we did that had never been heard of or seen before, not even dreamed about. There were three main streets that crossed the city, each leading to one of the three causeways to the mainland of Tepeyac, Ixtapalpa, and Tlacopan.
Surrounding the raised causeways were artificial floating gardens with canal waterways and gardens of plants, shrubs, and trees. The earliest European images of the city were woodcuts published in Augsburg around There were also specialized markets in the other central Mexican cities.
Public buildings[ edit ] A picture of Tenochtitlan and a model of the Templo Mayor In the center of the city were the public buildings, temples, and palaces.
Inside a walled square, meters to a side, was the ceremonial center. There were about 45 public buildings, including: Also located nearby was the cuicalli, or house of the songs, and the calmecac.
All constructions had to be approved by the calmimilocatl, a functionary in charge of the city planning. Palaces of Montezuma II[ edit ] The palace of Montezuma II also had two houses or zoosone for birds of prey and another for other birdsreptilesand mammals. About people were dedicated to the care of the animals.
There was also a botanical garden and an aquarium. The aquarium had ten ponds of salt water and ten ponds of fresh water, containing various fish and aquatic birds.
Places like this also existed in TexcocoChapultepecHuaxtepec now called Oaxtepecand Texcotzingo. The complex system involved many social classes. The macehualtin were commoners who lived outside the island city of Tenochtitlan.What can you infer about Cortes’ motives in writing about “the wonders of Tenochtitlan” and the Aztecs?
Why did he choose to write about the topics he addressed in this letter? Who is is intended audience, and how might that have influenced the letter?
~This letter by Hernan Cortes to Charles V would be considered a primary source, because Cortes is recording what he personally saw in the city and temples of Tenochtitlan.
Cortes' Motives ~Cortes wanted to describe the wonders of the city to the king, and impress him with all the rare things in the city.
The Wonders of Tenochtitlan: Interpreting the Past through First Hand Accounts The Wonders of Tenochtitlan One of the things you will experience in this course is the opportunity to discuss ideas online with other students. Tenochtitlan's main temple complex, the Templo Mayor, was dismantled and the central district of the Spanish colonial city was constructed on top of it.
The great temple was destroyed by the Spanish during the construction of a cathedral. Cortes' motives to write about Tenochtitlan is very political in nature.
Cortes is known to be a conquistador and it is in his great interests to have some form of power in this discovery. Seeing how wealthy Tenochtitlan is, he is awed and impressed at all the rare sights. The Wonders of Tenochtitlan: Interpreting the Past through First Hand Accounts The Wonders of Tenochtitlan One of the things you will experience in this course is the opportunity to discuss ideas online with other students.