The Case for Web Accessibility The Web must be accessible to provide equal access and equal opportunity to people with diverse abilities. Indeed, the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities recognizes access to information and communications technologies, including the Web, as a basic human right. Accessibility supports social inclusion for people with disabilities as well as otherssuch as older peoplepeople in rural areas, and people in developing countries.
Accessibility is Important for Individuals, Businesses, Society The Web is an increasingly important resource in many aspects of life: It is essential that the Web be accessible in order to provide equal access and equal opportunity to people with diverse abilities.
The Web offers the possibility of unprecedented access to information and interaction for many people with disabilities. That is, the accessibility barriers to print, audio, and visual media can be much more easily overcome through web technologies.
Accessibility supports social inclusion for people with disabilities as well as others, such as: Accessibility overlaps with other best practices such as mobile web design, device independence, multi-modal interaction, usability, design for older users, and search engine optimization SEO.
Accessible websites can have better search results, reduced maintenance costs, increased audience reach, and demonstrate corporate social responsibility CSR.
Web accessibility is required by law in many situations. Making the Web Accessible Web accessibility depends on several components working together, including web technologies, web browsers and other "user agents", authoring tools, and websites.
The W3C Web Accessibility Initiative WAI develops technical specifications, guidelines, techniques, and supporting resources that describe accessibility solutions. These are considered international standards for web accessibility; for example, WCAG 2. Making Your Website Accessible Most of the basics of accessibility are fairly easy to implement.
If you are new to accessibility, it takes some time and effort to learn the common issues and solutions. Some accessibility barriers are more complicated to avoid.
Some accessibility solutions take more time and effort to implement. It is most efficient and effective to incorporate accessibility from the very beginning of projects and throughout organizations. More Info on Making Your Website Accessible For an introduction to accessibility requirements and international standards, see Accessibility Principles.
To understand some common accessibility barriers from the perspective of testing, see Easy Checks - A First Review. For some basic considerations on designing, writing, and developing for accessibility, see Tips for Getting Started. When you're ready to know more about developing and designing, you'll probably use resources such as:Clinical diagnoses may be useful from a medical perspective for treatment, but for the purposes of web accessibility, classifying cognitive disabilities by functional disability is more useful.
Functional disabilities ignore the medical or behavioral causes of the disability and instead focus on the resulting abilities and challenges. Accessibility is Important for Individuals, Businesses, Society. The Web is an increasingly important resource in many aspects of life: education, employment, government, commerce, health care, recreation, and more.
Cognitive impairments are the least understood of the disability categories (21) and much of what is published regarding cognitive disabilities is from a clinical or research point of view which does not directly include issues related to website accessibility (9).
A checklist for web accessibility issues In addition to designing for all kinds of devices with varying screen sizes, developers also aim for accessibility for all users.
Here is . While it takes a fairly technical background to detect all accessibility issues and features, there are many accessibility problems that can be quickly and easily identified without the need for a highly technical background. This handout will suggest a few free accessibility tools and offer 4 simple techniques to help you identify some common web .
Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) W3C (World Wide Web Consortium). In addition to the guidelines, this site provides extensive help on the entire process of providing access to web pages. In addition to the guidelines, this site provides extensive help on the entire process of providing access to web pages.