Click a question below to see the answer What is APA style?
The following are highlights of some of the more important aspects of 6th Edition APA formatting, but do not constitute the whole of APA style.
Please consult the manual held on reserve at Boatwright Library for a complete explanation of publishing guidelines. Jeff Kahn from the University of Illinois. General Guidelines When to Cite You should cite authors who have directly influenced your writing, whether it be their ideas, theories, or empirical data.
Citing an article implies that you have read the work you cited, so do not cite authors indirectly i. Cite any facts or figures that are not common knowledge. How many authors should you cite?
For a standard empirical article, aim for 1 - 2 sources that best represent each key point you want to make. For a literature review, you will probably use more. This is because reviews are meant to introduce readers to the spectrum of information written about a certain topic.
If you are directly quoting an author, also include the page or paragraph number. Ending punctuation goes outside the parentheses. The study aimed to measure the participants' preferences in different types of music based on their age Baker, If you mention the author's name in your sentence, then put the publication year immediately following the name.
Baker measured correlations between age and music genre preference.
One Work by Two Authors Include both authors' last names and the article's date of publication in parenthesis.
A classic study by Bandura, Ross and Ross showed strong evidence that children as young as two imitate the observed aggressive behavior of adults. Mean aggression scores for children exposed to aggressive adult models were significantly greater than those of children in non-aggressive or control conditions Bandura et al.
One Work by Six or More Authors From the get-go, cite only the last name of the first author, followed by "et al," "and others," or "and colleagues. Groups as Authors When citing an organization as an author, write out the organization the first time they are cited and list the abbreviation in the parenthetical citation.
Use double quotation marks inside the parentheses for articles, webpages, or chapter titles; italicize titles of periodicals, books, brochures, or reports.
Arrange two or more works by the same author s by date of publication. When citing more than one work by the same first author, add a suffix of a, b, c, etc. This should be done sparingly.The American Psychological Association (APA) is one of the most common formatting styles in academic writing.
Despite its name, APA style is used in a variety of academic disciplines as it's designed to be clear and easy to follow. This video will cover citing sources in the text as well as in the reference page of a piece utilizing APA formatting.
No matter what your major is, you will probably be expected to write a critique paper at some point. For psychology students, critiquing a professional paper is a great way to learn more about psychology articles, writing, and the research process itself.
Jill Rossiter, the author of The APA Pocket Handbook, is a highly experienced and recognized expert in the field of English Composition. Her credentials include a BA in English Literature (Cum Laude) and an MA in English Literature (WSU). Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
For more information, please consult the Publication . While we don’t limit you to a certain style of writing, the number of words you must have in your review, and what you must (or must not) write about, we do provide the following guideline to help you get started in writing a review.
If you write a film analysis or review, you will undoubtedly need to cite any movies you discuss in your paper. In addition to including movies in the reference list, you should cite them in .